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Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity

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The relationship between religion and homosexuality has varied Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity across time and place, within and between different religions and denominationsand regarding different forms of homosexuality and bisexuality. Present day doctrines of the "Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity" major religions vary vastly generally and by denomination on attitudes toward these sexual orientations. Among those denominations that generally are negative towards these orientations, there are many different types of actions they may take: Religious fundamentalism has been found to correlate positively with anti-homosexual bias.

To this end, some discourage labeling individuals according to sexual orientation. However, some adherents of many religions view the two sexual orientations positively, and some religious denominations may bless same-sex marriages and support LGBT rightsand the amount of those that do are continuously increasing around the world as much of the developed world enacts laws supporting LGBT rights.

Historically, some cultures and religions accommodated, institutionalized, or revered, same-sex love and sexuality; [7] [8] such mythologies and traditions can be found around the world. Regardless of their position on homosexuality, many people of faith look to both sacred texts and tradition for guidance on this issue.

However, the authority of various traditions or scriptural passages and the correctness of translations and interpretations are continually disputed.

The Abrahamic religions of JudaismChristianity and Islamhave traditionally forbidden sodomybelieving and teaching that such behavior is sinful. Some Presbyterian and Anglican churches welcome members regardless of same-sex sexual practices, with some provinces allowing for the ordination and inclusion of gay and lesbian clerics, and affirmation of same-sex unions.

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Reform Judaism incorporates lesbian and gay rabbis and same-sex marriage liturgies, while Reconstructionist Judaism and Conservative Judaism in the US allows for lesbian and gay rabbis and same-sex unions. The Torah first Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity books of the Hebrew Bible is the primary source for Jewish views on homosexuality.

Like many similar commandments, the stated punishment for willful violation is the death penaltyalthough in practice rabbinic Judaism no longer believes it has the authority to implement death penalties. Orthodox Judaism views homosexual acts as sinful. In recent years, there has been approaches claiming only the sexual anal act "Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity" forbidden and considered abomination by the Torahwhile the sexual orientation and even other sexual activities are not considered a sin.

Conservative Judaism has engaged in an in-depth study of homosexuality since the s with various rabbis presenting a wide array of responsa papers with legal arguments for communal consideration.

The official position of the movement is to welcome homosexual Jews into their synagoguesand also campaign against any discrimination in civil law and public society, but also to uphold a ban on anal sex as a religious requirement.

Reform Judaism and Reconstructionist Judaism in North America and Liberal Judaism in the United Kingdom view homosexuality to be acceptable on the same basis as heterosexuality. Progressive Jewish authorities believe either that traditional laws against homosexuality are no longer binding or that they are subject to changes that reflect a new understanding of human sexuality. Some of these authorities rely on modern biblical scholarship suggesting that the prohibition in the Torah was intended to ban coercive or ritualized homosexual sex, such as those practices ascribed to Egyptian and Canaanite fertility cults and temple prostitution.

Christian denominations hold a variety of views on the issue of homosexual activity, ranging from outright condemnation to complete acceptance.

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Most Christian denominations welcome people attracted to the same sex, but teach that homosexual acts are sinful. Liberal Christians are supportive of homosexuals. Some Christian denominations do not view monogamous same sex relationships as bad or evil. The United Church of Christ and the Alliance of Baptists also condone gay marriageand some parts of the Anglican and Lutheran churches allow for the blessing of gay unions.

The Episcopal Church's recent actions vis-a-vis homosexuality have brought about increased ethical debate and tension within the Church of England and worldwide Anglican churches. In the United States and many other nations, the religious people are becoming more affirming of same-sex relationships. Even those in denominations with official stances are liberalizing, though not as quickly as those in more affirming religious groups. Passages from the Mosaic Covenant and its broader Old Testament context have been interpreted to mean that anyone engaging in homosexual practices should be punished with death Leviticus Conservative denominations [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] generally oppose same-sex sexual relations based on Old Testament and New Testament texts that describe human sexual relations as strictly heterosexual by God's design Genesis 2: As such, it is argued that sexual desires and actions that contradict God's design are deemed sinful and are condemned by God e.

Since love does not rejoice in unrighteousness or iniquity cf. Where the Catholic view is founded on a natural law argument informed by scripture and proposed by Thomas AquinasSociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity the traditional conservative Protestant view is based on an interpretation of scripture alone. Protestant conservatives also see homosexual relationships as an impediment to heterosexual relationships.

They interpret some Biblical passages to be commandments to be heterosexually married. A number of self-described gay and ' ex-gay ' Christians have reported satisfaction in mixed-orientation marriages. The Catholic Church teaches that those who are attracted to persons of the same sex are called to practice chastity[65] just Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity everyone else has to before they get married. According to the Church's sexual ethicshomosexual activity falls short in the complementarity male and female organs complement each other and fecundity openness to new life of the sexual act.

To say otherwise, as many Catholics try to assert is merely to play semantic word games to make the homosexual person not feel singled out, which is exactly what this teaching does. The views of the Catholic Church, and the application of those views in real terms, can be deeply hurtful to those with same sex attractions and, coupled with a refusal by some traditional Catholics to acknowledge the existence of LGBT groups, can lead to gay and lesbian Catholics feeling isolated, confused and lost [67].

The problem is so bad even voices inside the Vatican have sought to challenge the status quo [68]. As yet there is no evidence the church is willing to bend on this issue, until then the evidence cited here demonstrates the catholic church is toxic to homosexual persons, regardless of what pew studies of parishioners individual views may suggest [69].

Whilst these suggest a growing trend of LGBT acceptance in some catholic churches, it does however hide a darker picture. This demonising of the homosexuals is in essence to deny the extent and scope of the sex abuse scandal in the church and compartmentalise it so that the issue can be brushed aside.

As the Catholic Church officially remains silent on a LGBT inclusion and b on the promulgation of hate speech in its Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity, it demonstrates an institutional apathy. With time one can Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity hope the majority of liberal believers are able to enact some positive change in this organisation.

The Church of Jesus Christ Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity Latter-day Saints teaches that no one should arouse sexual feelings outside of marriage, including those towards members of the same sex. A Discussion on Same-Sex Attraction". All major Islamic schools disapprove of homosexuality, [79] Islam views same-sex desires as an unnatural temptation; and sexual relations are seen as a transgression of the natural role and aim of sexual activity.

The discourse on homosexuality in Islam is primarily concerned with activities between men. Believers are expected to abstain from sex outside matrimony.

Among the religions that originated in Indiaincluding HinduismBuddhismJainism and Sikhismteachings regarding homosexuality are less clear than among the Abrahamic traditions, and religious authorities voice diverse opinions. Inan authority figure of Sikhism condemned same-sex marriage and the practice of homosexuality. However, many people in Sikhism do not oppose gay marriage. Some see this third gender as an ancient parallel to modern western lesbiangaybisexualtransgender and intersex identities.

Hinduism has taken various positions, ranging from positive to neutral or antagonistic. Several Hindu texts, such as Manu Smriti [86] and Sushruta Samhitaassert that some people are born with either mixed male and female natures, or sexually neuter, as a matter of natural biology. However, Hindu texts like the [Manusmirti do treat Homosexuality as a sin legally punishable.

Several Hindu religious laws contain injunctions against homosexual activity, while some Hindu theories do not condemn lesbian relations and some third-gendered individuals were highly regarded. Hindu groups are historically not unified regarding the issue of homosexuality, each one having a distinct doctrinal view. The Indian Kama Sutrawritten around BC, [90] contains passages describing eunuchs or "third-sex" males performing oral sex on men. Some infer from these images that at least part of the Hindu society and religion were previously more open to variations in human sexuality than they are at present.

In some Hindu sects specifically among the hijrasmany divinities are androgynous. There are Hindu deities who are intersex both male and female ; who manifest in all three genders; who switch from male to female or from female to male; male deities with female moods and female deities with male moods; deities born from two males or from two females; deities born from a single male or single female; deities who avoid the opposite sex; deities with principal companions of the same sex, and so on.

Several Hindu priests have performed same-sex marriages, arguing that love is the result of attachments from previous births and that marriage, as a union of spirit, is transcendental to gender. It is often regarded that Hinduism does not condemn homosexuality. The most common formulation of Buddhist ethics are the Five Precepts and the Eightfold Pathone should neither be attached to nor crave sensual pleasure.

The third of the Five Precepts is "To refrain from committing sexual misconduct. The determination Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity whether or not same-gender relations is appropriate for a layperson is not considered a religious matter by many Buddhists. Some later traditions gradually began to add new restrictions on sexual misconduct, like non-vagina sex, though its situations seem involving coerced sex.

Buddhism is often characterized as distrustful of sensual enjoyment and sexuality in general. Some texts of the Abhidharma state that a pandaka cannot achieve enlightenment in their own lifetime, but must wait for rebirth and Asanga and Vasubandhu discussed if a pandaka was able to be enlightened or not. According to one scriptural story, Ananda —Buddha's cousin and disciple—was a pandaka in one of his many previous lives.

The third of the Five Precepts of Buddhism states that one is to refrain from sexual misconduct ; this precept has sometimes been interpreted to include homosexuality. The Dalai Lama of Tibetan Buddhism interprets sexual misconduct to include lesbian and gay sex, and indeed any sex other than penis-vagina intercourse, including oral sex, anal sex, and masturbation or other sexual activity with the hand; the only time sex is acceptable is when it performed for its purpose of procreation.

Sunday about whether or not homosexuality is acceptable in Buddhism, the Dalai Lama responded that "it is sexual misconduct. In Thailandthere are some prejudice accounts propose that "homosexuality arises as a karmic consequence of violating Buddhist proscriptions against heterosexual misconduct. These karmic accounts describe homosexuality as a congenital condition which cannot be altered, at least in a homosexual person's current lifetime, and have been linked with calls for compassion and understanding from the non-homosexual populace.

As per BBC article 27 AprilSenior monk Phra Maha Wudhijaya Vajiramedh is very concerned by flamboyant behavior of gay and transgender novices such as the wearing of make-up and tight or revealingly tight robes, carrying pink purses and having effeminately-shaped eyebrows.

A later popular Japanese legend attributed the introduction of monastic homosexuality to Japan to Shingon founder Kukaialthough scholars now dismiss the veracity of this assertion, pointing out his strict adherence to the Vinaya. Enlightenment being achievable even in a single life. The capacity of Buddhism to reform itself and its great variety of distinct beliefs and schools, provide many liberal streams of Buddhism, which are accepting of all sexual orientations.

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Reformist Buddhism is predominant in the west and in some eastern cosmopolitan cities. Sikhism has no written view on the matter, but ina Sikh religious authority described homosexuality as "against the Sikh religion and the Sikh code of conduct and totally against the laws of nature," and called on Sikhs to support laws against gay marriage.

Marriage in Sikhism is seen as a union of souls. In Sikhism, the soul is seen as genderless, and the outward appearance of human beings man, woman is a temporary state. Same-sex marriage advocates refer to this fact. The Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib, is the highest authority in the Sikhism, it is seen as the 11th and eternal Guru. It serves as a guide to Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity on Sociolegal control of homosexuality in christianity to live positive lives, and details what behavior is expected of all Sikhs.

It is seemingly silent on the subject of homosexuality; however, married life is encouraged time and time again in Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Whenever marriage is mentioned, it is always in reference to a man and a woman.

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