LGBT rights opposition is the opposition to legal rightsproposed or enacted, for lesbiangaybisexualand transgender people. Organizations influential in LGBT rights opposition frequently oppose the enactment of laws making same-sex marriage legal, the passage of anti-discrimination laws aimed at curtailing anti-LGBT discriminationincluding in employment and housing, the passage of anti-bullying laws to protect LGBT minors, laws decriminalizing same-gender relationships, and other LGBT rights related laws.
These groups are often religious or socially conservative in nature. Such opposition can be motivated by religionmoral beliefshomophobiatransphobiabigotry animosity,  political ideologiesor other reasons. Laws that LGBT rights opponents may be opposed to include civil unions or partnershipsLGBT parenting and adoptionmilitary serviceaccess to assisted reproductive technologyand access to sex reassignment surgery and hormone replacement therapy for transgender individuals.
The first organized gay rights movement arose in the late nineteenth century Germany. By strengthening and re-enforcing existing laws that had fallen into disuse, male homosexuality was effectively re-criminalised; homosexuality was treated as a medical disorder, but at a social level rather than individual level intended to reduce the incidence of homosexuality.
The treatment was a "Homosexual rights debate democratic" of eugenicsstarting with sterilisationthen a system of working people to death in forced labour camps, and eventually refined by medical scientists to include euthanasia.
The driving force was the elimination of perceived degeneracy at various levels — genetic, social, identity and practice, and the elimination of such genetic material in society. Lifton wrote about this in his book The Nazi Doctors: It is argued that the numbers of gay people Homosexual rights debate democratic perished in the Holocaust was quite low in comparison to other Holocaust victimsand confined to Germany itself, based on estimates that of 50, gay people who came before the courts, between 5, and 15,    ended up in concentration camps.
Those treated by psychiatrists and thereby included in the T4 project to eliminate people with alleged medical disorders would not be reflected in the rates of those dealt with as criminals. After the Second World Warthe United States became more intolerant of homosexuality,  but "Homosexual rights debate democratic" gay men and lesbians decided to reveal their gay identities after meeting others in the military.
Organized opposition to gay and lesbian rights began in the s. Societal attitudes towards homosexuality vary greatly in different cultures and different historical periods, as do attitudes toward sexual desire, activity Homosexual rights debate democratic relationships in general.
All cultures have their own norms regarding appropriate and inappropriate sexuality ; some sanction same-sex love and sexuality, while others disapprove of such activities.
However, the United States, Japan, South Korea, and Israel stand apart from other wealthy nations on this issue; in each of these countries, fewer than half of those surveyed say homosexuality should be accepted by society. Meanwhile, in most of Africa, Asia and the Middle East, there is less tolerance toward homosexuality. However, a CNN poll showed that a majority number of Americans are in favor of gay rights, such as same-sex marriage.
Many forms of religions, including the Eastern faiths and Abrahamic faiths, do not support homosexual sex. Evangelical Christianity Catholicism Mormonism Orthodox Judaism and Islam hold the view that homosexual sex is a sin and "Homosexual rights debate democratic" its practice and acceptance in society weakens moral standards.
Passages in the Old Testament that prohibit man "lie with mankind as with womankind" [note 2] and the story of Sodom and Gomorrah have historically been interpreted as condemning sodomy. Several Pauline passages have also been cited against male and female homosexuality. The second-largest Christian body, the Eastern Orthodox Churchalso condemns homosexual behaviour, as do most denominations of Protestantism. Sodomy is regarded as criminal and forbidden in most Islamic countriesaccording to Sharia lawand officially carries the death penalty in Saudi ArabiaUnited Arab EmiratesIranMauritaniaNigeriaHomosexual rights debate democratic and Yemen.
It formerly carried the death penalty in Afghanistan under the Taliban.
In Saudi Arabia, the maximum punishment for homosexuality is public execution, but the government will use other punishments — e. Since the Islamic revolution in Iran, the Iranian government has executed more than 4, people charged with homosexual acts.
Most international human rights organizations, such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty Homosexual rights debate democraticcondemn laws that make homosexual relations between consenting adults a crime. Muslim nations insist that such laws are necessary to preserve Islamic morality and virtue. Of the nations with a majority of Muslim inhabitants, only Lebanon and Tunisia have organizations which are trying to get homosexuality legalized.
Among the religions that originated in Indiaincluding HinduismBuddhismJainism and Sikhismteachings regarding homosexuality are less clear Homosexual rights debate democratic among the Abrahamic traditions.
Unlike in western religions, homosexuality is rarely discussed.
Vasubandhu included homosexuality among sexual practices that were forbidden because of their association with foreigners,  and the Dalai Lama has stated that male-female relationships are intended by nature, though without condemning same-sex relationships.
Ron Hubbard classified homosexuality as a mental illness and paraphilia then known as "sexual perversion"citing contemporary psychiatric and psychological textbooks to support his view. A article in the Petersburg Times reported that the Church defines marriage as the union between a man and a woman. Scientology is a practical method of improving conditions in life and works to increase a person's abilities, give higher IQ and better reaction time, greater ability to solve his problems in life — things of this nature.
A systematic review of research in the UK indicates that there appears to be limited evidence available from which to draw general conclusions about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health because epidemiological studies have not incorporated sexuality as a factor in data collection. Some LGBT activists argue that the experience of growing up LGBT contributes to mental health issues in adulthood, and the barriers to accessing appropriate healthcare as adults contribute towards poorer health; they argue that protection of LGBT rights is necessary to minimise the potential development of health problems and ensure access to healthcare resources.
In the complaint, the activists highlight a life expectancy 20 years less than average for LGB people, with more cases of cancer and HIV and increased rates of suicide, alcoholism and drug use. The authorities threatened to stigmatise them by informing their colleagues, families, or friends of their sexual orientation. Gay clubs in Minsk and Vitebsk were raided, and those present were filmed and had their details "Homosexual rights debate democratic." The clubs were then closed down.
Gay Pride week in Minsk was disrupted by the authorities who forced owners of venues, where events were due to be held, to withdraw at the last minute.
Those events that did take place were raided by the police, and a request for a march through the city was turned down by the authorities. President Vladimir Putin enacted laws in which criminalised education about LGBT issues, calling it " gay propaganda ".
It banned telling minors that homosexuality was normal or natural. However President Putin assured that all athletes would be respected, regardless of their sexuality  and in the event, no boycott occurred. The law passed has been described as taking Russia's LGBT community "from being a stigmatized fringe group to full-blown enemies of the state ", and has been described as a major contributor to a wave of anti-gay violence by several neo-Nazi organisations such as Occupy Paedophiliawhich target gay teens online and meet up with them, posting on YouTube their acts of assault the LGB teens, which have even resulted in the death of several LGB teens in Russia, which are rarely investigated Homosexual rights debate democratic the authorities, defining them as "civil movements fighting the sins of society".
Inthe Homosexual rights debate democratic Conservative Partywho were in government at the timeenacted Section 28 which stated that local authorities must not "intentionally promote homosexuality or publish material with the intention of promoting homosexuality" and that maintained schools should not "promote the teaching [ However, despite opposition from the Conservatives such as David Cameron Section 28 was eventually repealed in by the Labour government under Tony Blair.
In JuneDavid Cameron, whilst campaigning to be the next Prime Minister, formally apologised for his party introducing the law, stating that it was a mistake and had been offensive to gay people. Insame-sex marriage was legalised under Cameron's leadership,  which Cameron described as "an important step forward" and said that he thought that "it is right that gay people should be able to get married too".
Labour passed into law in the ability for same-sex couples to enter civil-partnerships, but they could not take place in a church or be called a "marriage". The Church of England was opposed to the then coalition Government's plans this government came to an end in May to extend this to "full marriage rights.
The British National Party has shifted its platform from recriminalization Homosexual rights debate democratic an extension of section 28 -style legislation, i.
In the s in the United Statesopen homosexuality was taboo. Legislatures in every state had passed laws against homosexual behavior well before this, most notably anti-sodomy laws.
During the Cold War politicians frequently described homosexuals as "subversives" who undermined national security and patriotism, and described them as Communist sympathisers or a Communist Fifth column. It is an accepted fact among intelligence agencies that espionage organizations the world over consider sex perverts who are in possession of or have access to confidential material to be prime targets where pressure can be exerted.
In addition there is an abundance of evidence to sustain the conclusion that indulgence in acts of sex perversion weakens the moral fiber of an individual to a degree that he is not suitable for a position of responsibility. Anita Bryant organized Save "Homosexual rights debate democratic" Childrena widespread campaign to oppose legislation prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in Miami-Dade County, Florida.
The group argued that gay people were " recruiting " or "molesting children" in order to make them gay. Bryant infamously claimed that "As a mother, I know that homosexuals cannot biologically reproduce children; therefore, they must recruit our children," and also claimed that "If gays are granted rights, next we'll have to give rights to prostitutes and to people who sleep with St.
Bernards and to nail biters. Public opinion has shifted towards increased acceptance of homosexuality and equal rights for gays and lesbians since the late s. Numerous studies Homosexual rights debate democratic investigated the prevalence of acceptance and disapproval of homosexuality and have consistently found correlations with various demographic, psychological, social variables.
For example, studies mainly conducted in the United States have found that heterosexuals with positive attitudes towards homosexuality are more likely to be non-religious, politically liberal or moderate, young, female and have close personal contact with openly gay men and lesbians.
Until its repeal in December by President Barack Obama the United States Armed Forces' " Don't ask, don't tell " policy required gay men and lesbian women to be discharged from the armed forces if they came outbut did not allow the military to question people about their sexual orientation.
Even before it was establishedthere Homosexual rights debate democratic advocates for allowing gay people Homosexual rights debate democratic serve openly in the military. Critics of the policy pointed out that neither unit cohesion nor morale were affected when the UK admitted gay people into the military.
A similar comparison has been made to the lack of negative consequences when African-Americans and women were admitted into the military. The Boy Scouts of America excludes gay and bisexual people from its organizations, an exclusion enforced commonly for Scoutmasters but also for scouts in leadership positions.
Their rationale is that homosexuality is immoral, and that Scouts are expected to have certain moral standards and values, as the Scout Oath and Scout Law requires boys to be "morally straight". Dale that the Boy Scouts of America is a private organizationand as such can decide its own membership rules. Inthe U. Congress passed the Support Our Scouts Act of to exempt the BSA from anti-discrimination laws, to require the Department of Defense to support scouting Jamborees thus rendering ineffective a Federal Court injunction prohibiting this as an unconstitutional establishment of religion in violation of the First Amendment and to require state or local governments that receive Community Development Block Grant money from the Department of Housing and Urban Development to allow BSA to have meetings in their facilities or on their property.
The BSA receives much of its funding and support from religious groups noted for their opposition to the gay rights movement.
In most countries where Boy Scouts organizations exist homosexuality is not regarded as incompatible with scout values, and gay members are not excluded from activities;  this includes the United Kingdomwhere scouting was founded by Baden-Powell.
In Julythe Boy Scouts' executive board voted to end the ban on adult who are openly gay. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.